Ships have long been invented, and are found in different forms and varying titles in numerous early civilizations; examples of these are the Khufu Ship of the Ancient Egypt, and the Knarr, a merchant-type ship of the Vikings. In modern times, ships have been used for extended commercial purposes like cruises and cargo transports. Looking at facts and figures, ships have always been used in commerce, migration, and simple travel says Paul from hmsbroker.com.
Apart from its several socioeconomic contributions, there is more to marvel at these useful human-made vehicles: the manufacturing of their parts and motors, the machinery propelling their massive built, and their overall engineering masterpiece. Here are five of the world’s largest ships:
Mont, an Ultra Large Crude Carrier (ULCC) supertanker, was the largest ship ever built at 657, 019 gross tonnage, and 458.45 meters. It was originally built by Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. in 1979, and was lengthened upon selling it to Orient Overseas Container Line. After modifications, it was later relaunched as the Seawise Giant but was later sunk in the Iran-Iraq War. Following this was several renaming due to several acquisitions; from Seawise Giant to Happy Giant, Jahre Viking, Knock Nevis, and, finally, Mont. This humongous vessel used to cruise at 16 knots, propelled by a 9 m single propeller, and was manned by 35 crew ship.
2. TI Class Supertankers
Created by the Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. – TI Africa, TI Oceania, TI Europe and TI Asia – were originally owned by the shipping company Hellespont. But were acquired by the Overseas Shipholding Group (OSG) and Euronav NV. TI Africa (Hellespont Fairfax) and TI Oceania (Hellespont Tara) were sold to OSG, while TI Europe (Hellespont Metropolis) and TI Asia (Hellespont Alhambra) were acquired by Euronav NV, respectively. These tankers have the capacity of 234,006 gross tonnages and 380 meters general attributes. However, in 2010, TI Europe and TI Oceania were the only tankers left operating as ULCC, while TI Africa and TI Asia were converted into FSO oil storage tankers.
3. Q-Max Ships
The Q-max, having 14 vessels, is the largest line of carriers to transport liquefied natural gas (LNG). The “Q” pertains to Qatar, while Max refers to the maximum allowable size of a ship to dock at the terminals in Qatar. The carriers were built by Samsung Heavy Industries, Hyundai Heavy Industries, and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. for the Qatar Gas Transport Company.
The ships are at 345 m long and 53.8 m wide, with LNG capacities of 9,400,000 cubic feet, respectively, and are operated by the Shell International Trading and Shipping Company (STASCo). The Q-Max LNG Carriers are named Al Mayeda, Al Mafyar, Umm Slal, Bu Samra, Al-Ghuwairiya, Lijmiliya, Al Samriya, Al Dafna, Mozah, Mekaines, Shagra, Zarga, Aamira, and Rasheeda.
4. CSCL Globe
The MV CSCL Globe was built by Hyundai Heavy Industries for the China Shipping Container Lines (CSCL) in 2013, and was launched in 2014 along with its four sister ships. Operating at 19,000 TEU capacity, 22 knots, and 77, 200 bhp, the CSCL Globe was dubbed as the largest container ship in the world upon its launch. The container ship courses through the trading routes in Asia and Europe.
New to its counterparts, the CSCL Globe demonstrated eco-friendly features as maximum fuel efficiency, and noise and carbon emission reduction. In 2015, the MSC Oscar of the Mediterranean Shipping Company superseded the CSCL Globe and became the world’s largest container ship.
5. MS Ore Brasil
MS Ore Brasil is another vessel built by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. Ltd. and is dubbed as the largest bulk carriers ever built. It runs at 15.4 knots and has a 198,980 GT capacity. The vessel is owned by Vale Shipping Holding Pte. Ltd. and was formerly known as Vale Brasil. It courses through Brazil to Asian and European ports, transporting iron ores.
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